“World Bank forecast of human population will grow up to 10.000 M during next four decades, and as a result of that global food demand in year 2050 will be 60-70% higher than present figures”
Scarcity of proper soil to cultivate and water are the main drawbacks to reach qualitative and quantitative changes in world food demand. The biggest area which can be cultivated is located in some geographical areas, as well as in countries with a high increase in their population rate, like Northern Africa and Arabic Peninsula, land suitable for cultivation is really scarce.
Agriculture is human activity that has the bigger impact over water resources, and in many areas of the world like India, Pakistan and Southern part of Spain, water supply for agriculture comes from overexploitation of subsurface aquifers, which in short or medium term is unsustainable.
Soil and water scarcity has been increased by climatic change that cast over many areas extreme conditions, which make those resources more vulnerable and it creates risk in food safety.
SWS is developing and doing research to optimize integrated and innovative Systems, with the goal of Environmental Sustainability for a Food Sustainable Production using coupled multiple cycles.
SWS is developing and doing research to optimize integrated and innovative Systems, with the goal of Environmental Sustainability for a Food Sustainable Production using coupled multiple cycles. SWS is verifying efficiency and economic feasibility in the different interactions of the combined cycles, in the scenario that demands new systems of Food Production and news Protein sources, which can constitute options to face a growing world population living in a world with finite water and soil resources.
SWS Works to optimize this Food Integrated Production System (crops, fishes and insect) in an scalable and efficient way in all of the cycles, which intertwines in strategic ways optimizing residues from each station.
The goal is dimensioning all the components (Modelling Know How), knowing how they function in the common cycle, defining all the features of by-products obtained in the single cycles involved and optimizing its production in a continuous system flow.
The scalable model will be economically feasible and it will adapt to the growing market demand.
For a Sustainable World SWS’ Model propose:
Cycles that compose this Prototype depend in a great way on environmental factors, but on the other hand they have a very positive effect on the environment due to a good waste management and its optimization of water and energy use, besides its positive effect on air-quality and climate.
Social and economic Benefits
SWS’s Model is a profitable one. It allows a high density production, technology input saving and it exploits different market niche with a high and growing demand.
Instead of focusing on a high-scale production of a single crop, SWS’s goal is produce many agriculture products with a high quality (ecological) and high local demand. Apart from working with new protein sources, SWS promotes aquaculture, a growing sector constituted as an alternative to overexploitation of fish capture, which is driving governments to its limitation to avoid complete exhaustion.
Urban farming / Vertical Farming
In the Sustainable Food Production Area, SWS will carry Urban Farming Projects. This can be defined as a System of plant cultivation and animal breeding within Urban Ecosystem, or Cities.
It creates links among all the elements that play a role on it.
Citizens are at the same time growers and consumers. It uses resources coming from the cities e.g. organic waste used as fertilizer, and waste water depurated with phytodepuration systems used in irrigation. Arable land scarcity make this system needed and feasible and it will have to be taken into account in policies for urban developments.
Urban farming systems will be integrated in city buildings or spaces allocated for it, and they will provide food for citizens around them.
Through a combination of a Multicycle System with a grocery’s of a restaurant, high quality food (vegetables, fruit and fish) can be offered directly to the customers.
Reduction in the distance from production places and final consumers implies a reduction in transportation cost, storage cost and therefore energy and CO2 emission to the atmosphere.
SWS is developing through its R&D Area a prototype to verify economic feasibility and Know How about this Urban Farming System that integrates food production in buildings, roofs and facades, dimensioning and defining features and requirements for different crops, keeping the principles of energy efficiency, CO2 emission reduction, organic waste re-using for ecological production of high quality products with an optimized interaction multi-cycle system.
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